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Heritage

The City of Albany is situated in the Wagyl Kaip and Southern Noongar region of Noongar boodja – country. The Noongar descendants of the early Menang hold a proud and respected place in the City of Albany of today.

Albany is also the oldest permanent settlement and commercial seaport in Western Australia. The City’s historic heritage assets include sites of early settlement, military and maritime history. Albany can also claim national significance as the departure point of the first convoy of the First Australian Imperial Force and the First New Zealand Expeditionary Force; who were to become collectively known as the Anzacs.

Drone photo taken of Wattierup / Oyster Harbour Fishtraps

Wattierup / Oyster Harbour Fishtraps - HCWA Place No. 83 - inHerit

Heritage relates to Aboriginal cultural heritage and historic heritage, however each aspect is managed and regulated by different sets of legislation, regulations, policies and processes at both a State and local government level. Aboriginal and historic heritage places consist of landscapes, sites, buildings, monuments or other structures that are culturally significant at a local, state, national or international level.

Heritage can incorporate both the tangible and the intangible. It is present in many forms such as landmarks, places, buildings and contents, spaces, views and the stories associated with them.  

Please select one of the following links to take to you to the relevant section on this page:

Aboriginal Cultural Heritage

Advice and referral requirements for Aboriginal sites
Aboriginal heritage references and resources

Historic Heritage

Heritage List
Local Heritage Survey

Development application required for works to a 'heritage-protected place' 

State and local historic heritage frameworks

Historic heritage references and resources
Historical and heritage management references and resources

Aboriginal cultural heritage

The Menang people have been the traditional custodians of the country around Albany for many thousands of years prior to European settlement, which has created a wealth of Aboriginal cultural heritage.

There are 40 known registered Aboriginal heritage sites and 85 more sites listed as ‘other heritage places’, across the City of Albany local government area. These sites include artefact scatters, mythological sites, engravings, grinding areas, food and ceremonial sites, that reflect the life and culture of the Menang people, and there remains a strong interest among Aboriginal people in both the area as a whole and in particular sites. There are associations with places traditionally used by the Menang people, places that feature in creation stories and mythology, and places that are associated with Aboriginal life after European settlement. 

The City of Albany Aboriginal Accord 2003 represents a statement of commitment to working with the Aboriginal people of Albany to promote a greater understanding throughout the community of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples' history and culture.  

In 2021 and 2022, a number of significant places were identified to be dual named (or renamed) with the traditional Noongar name, as part of the Restoring Menang Noongar Place Names project, undertaken in partnership between the local Menang Noongar community, South Coast Natural Resource Management and the City of Albany.

Restoring Menang Noongar Place Names Report

‘Albany to restore Menang Noongar Place Names’ June 2021

‘Lookout for new Dual Naming signage’ May 2022

 

Advice and referral requirements for Aboriginal sites or other heritage places

Developers and landowners are required to undertake due diligence to determine the potential impact of a development or activity on Aboriginal heritage interests.

Aboriginal sites or other heritage places, whether recorded or currently unidentified, are currently protected Aboriginal Heritage Act 1972, that will be replaced by the new Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Act 2021.

The Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Act 2021 was developed through the Aboriginal Cultural Heritage reform process undertaken by the Department of Planning, Lands and Heritage (DPLH). Associated regulations, statutory guidelines and operational policies are being developed by DPLH through a co-design process with relevant stakeholders.

A transition period is currently in place, with relevant sections of each Act remaining in force, until the regulations, guidelines and policies for the Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Act 2021 are finalised.

During the transition period, information is available on the Aboriginal heritage conservation page of the WA Government website in relation to a proponent’s obligations and responsibilities and due diligence requirements relating to permissions required and also potential offences, relating to activities undertaken on land with known or potential Aboriginal cultural heritage interests.

The Aboriginal cultural heritage page of the WA Government website provides access to information on Aboriginal sites or other heritage places via the Aboriginal Heritage Inquiry System (AHIS).

For further information and advice regarding protocols, processes and procedures relating to development or activity in or within proximity to Aboriginal sites or other heritage places, please contact the DPLH Aboriginal Heritage team.

Aboriginal cultural heritage references and resources  

Further information on Aboriginal cultural heritage management in the south west is available from the WA Government website:

Noongar (Koorah, Nitja, Boordahwan) (Past, Present and Future) Recognition Act 2016 

South West Native Title Settlement – commenced in 2021

Indigenous Land Use Agreements – one for each of the six Noongar groups – document all elements of the Settlement

Aboriginal and dual naming guidelines

Further Aboriginal cultural heritage reference and resource information is available via the links listed below:

Aboriginal Heritage Council Report 2005 (‘Kinjarling’ The Place of Rain)

Kaartdijin Noongar - Noongar Knowledge – Sharing Noongar Culture - South West Land and Sea Council

Albany Public Library - Albany History Collection

State Library of WA - Indigenous WA

Storylines

Department of Planning, Lands and Heritage - Aboriginal heritage

City of Albany Local Planning Strategy 2019

Historic heritage

Places that contribute to Albany's heritage are entered on the Heritage List and also the Local Heritage Survey. 

 City of Albany Heritage List

 City of Albany Local Heritage Survey 

For more information on the Heritage List and Local Heritage Survey, refer to the State and Local Heritage Framework section below.

Development application required for works to a 'heritage-protected place' 

A ‘heritage-protected place’ has statutory protection outlined under the Planning and Development (Local Planning Scheme) Regulations 2015, and includes places:

  • included on a local heritage list;
  • within a local heritage area;
  • entered on the State Register of Heritage Places;
  • under consideration for entry on the State Register of Heritage Places;
  • subject to a heritage agreement under under the Heritage Act 2018
  • subject to an order under the Heritage Act 2018.

A development application is required for works proposed to a ‘heritage-protected place’.

Fees will be waived where a development application is solely required because a property is a ‘heritage-protected place’.  

Where substantial works are proposed, it is also encouraged to seek preliminary professional advice from a heritage consultant or architect, prior to commencing detailed designs of a proposal. The City’s heritage consultant is also available to provide advice on preliminary proposals.

Please contact the City's Planning and Development Services team on 9841 9333 or email planning@albany.wa.gov.au, before starting works or lodging a development application to a ‘heritage-protected place’.

The Planning Services page of the City's website also contains information on what is required to be submitted for a development application.

Preparing a heritage impact statement

Where alterations or additions are proposed to a ‘heritage-protected place’, a heritage impact statement will need to be prepared and included in the development application. The heritage impact statement should:

  • confirm the Level of Significance of the place, identified in the place details on the Heritage List
  • include the Statement of Significance prepared for the place (outlined in the individual Place Record Form or accessed from the place entry on inHerit)
  • describe the works proposed and provide rationale behind the extent of the work proposed
  • outline the potential impact on existing original built fabric and the overall cultural significance of the place
  • outline how the potential impacts will be mitigated/addressed
  • include details of proposed construction/reconstruction methods and materials and finishes to be used

Information to assist in completing a heritage impact statement is available from the City's Heritage List, Local Heritage Survey and Place Record Forms that have been prepared for individual places. Copies of individual Place Record Forms are available on request through the Planning and Development Services team. Information contained under the Place Record Form are also available under the entry for the individual place on inHerit.

Heritage guidelines and technical documents are available from DPLH Historic Heritage and the Heritage Council of WA, including the Heritage Impact Statement Guide and the Guide to Preparing an Archival Record, and advice on the maintenance and repair of heritage places. 

Minor works

Where maintenance, repairs or works of a minor nature are proposed to a ‘heritage-protected place’, a heritage impact statement may not be required to be submitted as part of a development application. Please contact the Planning and Development Services team to discuss the proposed works and what details would be required as part of a development application. 

Proposed works to places on the State Register

A development application is required for works to a place identified on the State Register of Heritage Places. Prior to commencing works on a place identified on the State Register, it is recommended to either contact DPLH Historic Heritage team or the City’s Planning and Development Services team for preliminary advice and to confirm if the works require formal referral, and if there are any additional requirements, considerations or landowner obligations that apply to the site.

DPLH Historic Heritage provide information on:

  • Obtaining advice on maintaining and developing places on the State Register
  • Works to places on the State Register that require formal referral to DPLH Historic Heritage
  • Minor works to places on the State Register that don’t require referral to DPLH Historic Heritage
  • inContact directory of heritage trades and professionals

Development applications for places on the State Register are required to be formally referred to DPLH Historic Heritage for comment, unless the proposed works are minor, or when formal written advice has already been obtained by the proponent, prior to lodgment of a development application. Please include any formal advice obtained from DPLH prior to lodgement, as part of your development application.

Places entered on the Local Heritage Survey only

Places that are listed on the Local Heritage Survey only and not identified on the City's Heritage List are not ‘heritage-protected places’ and therefore do not have the same level of statutory protections.

However the City encourages the conservation and adaptation of these places where possible, as they contribute to the social and cultural values and history of the locality. For advice on proposed works to a place identified on the Local Heritage Survey, please contact the Planning and Development Services team.

State and local historic heritage frameworks

The State Register of Heritage Places

The State Register of Places is a statutory list of places that represent the story of Western Australia’s history and development. Places included in the State Register include buildings, structures, gardens, cemeteries, memorials, landscapes and archaeological sites.

There are over 90 places in Albany listed on the State Register, inclusive of individual places that are part of the Stirling Terrace Precinct.

The Level of Significance for places on the State Register are identified on the City's Heritage List and Local Heritage Survey are identified as Exceptional-Registered. 

Information on individual places and precincts identified on the State Register is available via inHerit .

The protection and conservation of places identified on the State Register is administered through the Heritage Council of WA and Department of Planning, Lands and Heritage (DPLH), in accordance with the Heritage Act 2018, the Heritage Regulations 2019 and State Planning Policy 3.5.

Proposed works to a place on the State Register are required to be formally referred by the City of Albany to the Heritage Council and DPLH for comment, as part of a development application. It is also encouraged to seek professional advice from a heritage consultant or architect prior to commencing detailed designs of your proposal. 

Minor works such as maintenance and some like-for-like repairs to places on the State Register may not need to be formally referred to the Heritage Council and DPLH. However a development application submitted to the City of Albany would still be required. Further information on types of works to places on the State Register that may not require formal referral is available on the How to development and maintain heritage places page of the DPLH website. Please contact the City's Planning and Development Services team to discuss any repair or maintenance works prior to submitting a development application. 

The DPLH website also provides information and guidelines on the conservation and development of places on the State Register. 

Local historic heritage framework

The City of Albany adopted its Heritage List and Local Heritage Survey in October 2020.

The Heritage List and Local Heritage Survey classifies individual places based on their ‘level of significance’:  

  • Exceptional - Essential to the heritage of the locality. Rare or outstanding example
  • Considerable - Very important to the heritage of the locality.
  • Some/Moderate - Contributes to the heritage of the locality.
  • Little - Has elements or values worth noting for community interest but otherwise makes little contribution.

The Heritage List and Local Heritage Survey replaces the previous adopted Municipal Heritage Inventory (MHI), with the level of significance classification identified for each place replacing the previously used ‘Categories’ (A, B, C and D).

Local governments are required to adopt and manage a heritage list of places that are of local cultural heritage significance, in accordance with the Planning Regulations. A local government's heritage list is informed by a local heritage survey. Local governments are required to prepare and adopt a local heritage survey in accordance with the requirements of the Heritage Act 2018 and State Planning Policy 3.5 Historic Heritage Conservation.

Local Heritage Surveys are periodically reviewed and updated. If a place is not identified on the Local Heritage Survey but is considered by the community to contribution to the local cultural heritage significance, it can be nominated by the community for consideration by the City to be included in the Survey. Please contact the Planning and Development Services team for more information.

 A Local Heritage Survey is required to be adopted by a local government for the purposes of:

  1. identifying and recording places that are, or may become, of cultural heritage significance in its district; and
  2. assisting the local government in making and implementing decisions that are in harmony with cultural heritage values; and
  3. providing a cultural and historical record of its district; and
  4. providing an accessible public record of places of cultural heritage significance to its district; and
  5. assisting the local government in preparing a heritage list or list of heritage areas under a local planning scheme.
Local planning policies

The City’s Heritage Protection Policy contains general provisions regarding conservation and management of heritage places.

The following heritage policies apply to all properties that are located within the City’s Historic Town precinct:

Albany Town Centre 

Albany Historic Town Design 

Thematic framework

Local heritage surveys and previous municipal heritage inventories are informed by a thematic framework. The City of Albany thematic framework is currently under review. The current thematic framework from 2000 is available to view as part of the previous City of Albany Municipal Heritage Inventory Review. 

Albany Local Thematic Framework

Previous Albany Municipal Heritage Inventory documents are available via the links listed below:

MHI Review 2000 - Introduction and Background

Inner Albany Areas A-M

Inner Albany Areas P-Z

Outer Albany Areas

Please contact Planning and Development Services on 9841 9333 or email planning@albany.wa.gov.au if you have any questions regarding the City's Local Heritage Survey and thematic framework.

Conservation projects

The City owns and manages a number of important heritage buildings and places. The City is committed to maintaining these places for future generations to enjoy.

The City has recently undertaken a number of important conservation and restoration projects to its stock of heritage buildings and places.

All maintenance and restoration work is guided by the nationally-recognised Burra Charter, which defines the basic principles and procedures to be followed in the conservation of Australian heritage places. The Burra Charter recommends traditional techniques and materials for the conservation of heritage buildings and the City abides by this guiding principle.

Select one of the links below to access information on some of the City's conservation projects and managed historic heritage places:

Albany Town Hall 

Albany Town Square and Alison Hartman Gardens 

Vancouver Arts Centre

Albany Co-operative Society Building 

Taxi Rank & Women's Rest Room (inHerit)

The Forts (inHerit)

Stirling Terrace (inHerit)

Albany Snake Run Skateboard Park (inHerit) 

Historic heritage, planning and development references and resources

Further historic heritage reference and resource information are available via the links listed below:

Albany Local Thematic Framework 

City of Albany Local Planning Strategy 2019 Parts 1 & 2 (ALPS) and Local Planning Scheme No. 1 

Planning and Development (Local Planning Schemes) Regulations 2015 

National Trust WA, including Strawberry Hill / Barmup 

Burra Charter

Historical and heritage references and resources

Further historical and heritage reference and resource information are via the links listed below:

National Anzac Centre

City of Albany Library - Albany History Collection

Museum of the Great Southern

Albany Historical Society

State Library WA

WA Museum Boola Bardip

National Library of Australia

Trove 

Collections WA

Photo of the Garrison Barracks building at Albany Forts, Irrerup /  Mount Adelaide

Garrison Barracks building - Albany Forts, Irrerup / Mount Adelaide - HCWA Place No. 26